Re: FFT module thoughts, was Re: [eigen] Eigen 3.0.5 Could NOT find FFTW

I tried to keep this in mind when writing originally. It does not handle it, but it might not be too hard. There are at least two Achille's heels, both in kiss_cpx_fft::make_twiddles ( file==ei_kissfft_impl.h )
```1. The exp() function, as others have mentioned.
2. The calculation of pi, as done via acos(-1)

```
Stepping back, what make_twiddles does is make one full cycle of a complex sinusoid with nfft points and unity magnitude. This problem easily decomposes into a primitive root-finding problem. This can be done very efficiently in most cases for the FFT, since people tend to use a length that is a multiple of small primes (2,3,5)
```(Let me know if this is not clear and I can provide an example.)
In other words, if we had a root-finding function

template<typename Scalar>
```
Scalar nth_root( const RealScalar & x, int n); // maybe implemented via Newton-Raphson ?
```
```
then make_twiddles could be specialized to use it for types other than complex<float|double|long double> The real_twiddles function also contains some trig calls -- these could derived in a similar way.
```

On 04/05/2012 07:04 AM, Pavel Holoborodko wrote:
```
```Yes, I have my own multiple precision complex exp() in std space, as
well as other math. functions. Seems to work fine in all other
contexts (including Eigen itself), but doesn't help with FFT :(

On Apr 5, 2012, at 19:52, "Björn Piltz"<bjornpiltz@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>  wrote:

```
```I think std::exp() might be a candidate.

namespace std {  std::complex<Real>  exp(const std::complex<Real>&); }
to your file to see if it's the culprit.

Björn

```
```
```
```

```

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