Re: [eigen] Checking for integer overflow in size computations

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Pushed 626705504d3ef1d81e968bfe901816f2b38144ad with this commit message:

Throw std::bad_alloc even when exceptions are disabled, by doing new
Don't throw exceptions on aligned_malloc(0) (just because malloc's
retval is null doesn't mean error, if size==0).
Remove EIGEN_NO_EXCEPTIONS option, use only compiler standard defines.
Either exceptions are enabled or they aren't.

Sounds OK to everybody?


2011/10/17 Benoit Jacob <jacob.benoit.1@xxxxxxxxx>:
> 2011/10/17 Eamon Nerbonne <eamon@xxxxxxxxxxxx>:
>> If you're building without exceptions and an exception gets thrown,
> It's impossible to compile without exceptions code that explicitly
> throws exceptions, as that results in a compilation error:
> a.cpp: In function ‘int main()’:
> a.cpp:5:24: error: exception handling disabled, use -fexceptions to enable
> For this reason, currently in Eigen our code throwing exceptions is
> #ifdef EIGEN_EXCEPTIONS which means it's not compiled at all when
> exceptions are disabled.
> That said, I tried a simple c++ program with a huge new[] to get an
> exception thrown for me, compiled with -fno-exceptions, and that
> indeed worked: a std::bad_alloc exception was thrown and killed my
> test program.
> My understanding is that the only way to get exactly the same behavior
> from code that compiles with -fno-exceptions would be to call into
> code that was compiled with exceptions. A way to simulate that is to
> just do int *a = new int[size_t(-1)];
> Patch coming.
> Benoit
>> it just
>> means app termination (unless you're being really weird and catching the
>> exception anyhow, not sure what happens then...), which is probably the
>> right behavior in face of OOM anyhow.
>> Also, even if exceptions are off by default in some projects, it's really
>> handy to use them anyhow, since they make debugging that easier - i.e. a
>> scenario in which devs can easily trigger on exceptions, regardless of
>> wether the subsequent cleanup will honor destructors or not.  By constrast,
>> a nullptr return value won't necessarily be easy to notice unless
>> potentially much later.
>> --eamon@xxxxxxxxxxxx - Tel#:+31-6-15142163
>> On Mon, Oct 17, 2011 at 00:36, Benoit Jacob <jacob.benoit.1@xxxxxxxxx>
>> wrote:
>>> 2011/10/16 Christoph Hertzberg <chtz@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>:
>>> > On 16.10.2011 22:21, Benoit Jacob wrote:
>>> >>
>>> >> Note that there is a small performance overhead associated with that..
>>> >> I tried to minimize it, but there is still 1 integer division in the
>>> >> size=rows*cols overflow check. I hope that's still negligible compared
>>> >> to the cost of malloc.
>>> >
>>> > I have not looked into your patch yet, but wouldn't a multiplication in
>>> > int64/int128 also do the job?
>>> I don't know that all platforms have an integer type twice bigger than
>>> size_t?
>>> On x86-64 are there 128 bit integers? I didn't know that.
>>> Also I'm afraid there might exist 32bit platforms without 64bit integers.
>>> > I guess that would be much cheaper than a
>>> > division. Anyways I would agree that the overhead should be negligible.
>>> > If
>>> > someone really cares for that overhead, we might introduce a flag such
>>> > as
>>> >
>>> >> Like the standard behavior of operator new and of our own aligned_new
>>> >> routines, these checks throw std::bad_alloc on error and don't do
>>> >> anything else. In particular, we still don't guarantee that
>>> >> aligned_new returns null on error. It feels weird to me to rely
>>> >> entirely on exceptions to report these errors, but this is how c++
>>> >> works (as long as one doesn't use nothrow-new) and what we've been
>>> >> doing. Is this OK?
>>> >
>>> > I don't want to start a philosophical discussion about exceptions vs
>>> > return-type checking, but honestly I guess that the C++ way is much more
>>> > reliable, since about 99% of malloc users hardly ever check for NULL
>>> > pointers ("Come on, how likely is it that I can't get ** MB?").
>>> > Furthermore, I guess hardly anyone disables exceptions in C++, unless he
>>> > really knows what he's doing.
>>> Both Mozilla and KDE are examples of large projects building with
>>> -fno-exceptions. That's the kind of fact that makes me uncomfortable
>>> about C++ exceptions.
>>> Benoit

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