Re: [eigen] nesting

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This program here is crashing with GCC 4.4.1 while compiling with

g++ -I./Eigen -O0 -g2 crashme.cpp

- Hauke

On Tue, Feb 9, 2010 at 11:43 AM, Gael Guennebaud
<gael.guennebaud@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> As discussed on IRC, I fixed that nesting issue using a much simpler
> approach. For the record the trick is to add a Matrix member to the Product
> expression which can hold the result of the product when this later is
> nested. In addition, the product expression is nested by reference just like
> any Matrix. This is already in the devel branch for products. If no issue is
> discovered we can extend this concept to the ReturnByValue class which is
> used to implement the solve() and inverse() functions.
> During these changes I also made small outer products lazy by default, and
> removed the need for a Flagged expression.
> gael.
> On Mon, Feb 8, 2010 at 9:24 AM, Hauke Heibel <hauke.heibel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> wrote:
>> Some brainstorming...
>> 1) We have two phases during expression creation and evaluation
>> a) up-stream-phase: building up the expressions
>> b) down-stream-phases: expression execution
>> For the moment I am leaving out a potential reordering phase via the
>> Evaluator on purpose - I think that could be easily incorporated as
>> well.
>> Regarding the temporaries we might do the following. First, let's
>> assume we handle heap allocations via shared_ptrs. Then we are left
>> with stack temporaries only. During phase a) in which the expression
>> tree is build up from bottom to top (thus up-stream), each expression
>> can propagate its stack memory requirements to the parent - we know it
>> from the Matrix template parameters. In the end, we have the overall
>> stack requirement at the top expression.
>> Then, during the down-stream or execution phase a controller class
>> needs to trigger the execution and handle the stack memory management.
>> After the controller allocated the required amount cache, he calls the
>> expression and passes the cache over to the next expression in the
>> down-stream. Each expression will then snatch off the required stack
>> memory from the cache an pass the remaining memory to the child
>> expressions. Thus, during the evaluation each expression should have
>> access to the required cache.
>> Again, this is not an easy task but might be doable. What could be
>> advantageous is that from a development point of view almost all of
>> the required components are mutually independent. Handling heap memory
>> in the up-stream can be implemented independently from the stack
>> memory propagation as well as the down-stream execution.
>> It's not yet all 100% clear but I hope I made the idea clear...
>> - Hauke
>> On Mon, Feb 8, 2010 at 3:50 AM, Benoit Jacob <jacob.benoit.1@xxxxxxxxx>
>> wrote:
>> > To summarize the little conversation that happened over irc:
>> >
>> > 1) Hauke: a very good reason why we want to evaluate intermediate
>> > temporaries also in the fixed-size case, as mentioned by Gael, is when
>> > the cost-model tells us that this reduces the complexity of the
>> > operation. For example, evaluating b+c in "a*(b+c)".
>> >
>> > 2) On the other hand the idea of an "expression evaluator" seems
>> > really doable (albeit complex) following this strategy:
>> >
>> > a) At the time of the construction of the expression, we gather the
>> > information of where temporaries must be introduced when evaluating
>> > that expression. That could be a new typedef in ei_traits.
>> >
>> > b) when evaluating an expression, we instantiate an object of a
>> > template "Evaluator" type that uses that information to hold the
>> > necessary temporary matrices as member data. We then traverse the
>> > expression tree, evaluating the designated sub-expressions into these
>> > temporaries.
>> >
>> > I'm not saying that I'm finding this _easy_!! This has got to be the
>> > most complicated templates exercise that we've had to solve. But it
>> > can be done for sure, as templates allow to do everything. To think
>> > about that, I'm finding it convenient to think purely in terms of
>> > pseudo code, and translate this into templates at the last minute.
>> > Templates are not human-readable code :(

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